What is Rose Disease (Rosacea)?
Facial redness is a common skin condition that causes visible blood vessels. There may also be small acne-like lesions. These signs and symptoms may flare up for weeks or months and then disappear for a while.
Rosacea can be confused with acne, other skin problems or natural redness. Rosacea can affect anyone. But it is most common in middle-aged white women.
Rosacea has no cure, but treatment can control and reduce signs and symptoms.
Facial redness: Rosacea can cause a persistent flushing of the central part of your face.
Visible veins: Small blood vessels in your nose and cheeks break and become visible (spider veins).
Pimple-like bumps: Many people with rosacea also develop acne-like pimples on their face. These bumps sometimes contain pus.
Burning sensation: The skin of the affected area may feel hot and tender. Especially the products used can trigger sensitivity. A parasite we call demodex can cause dryness, burning, and a feeling of emery on the skin, increasing in number in Rose disease.
Eye problems: Many people with rosacea also experience dry, irritated, swollen eyes and eyelids. This is known as ocular rosacea. In some people, eye symptoms precede skin symptoms.
Enlarged nose (Rinofima): Over time, rosacea can thicken the skin over the nose, causing the nose to appear swollen (rhinophyma). This is more common in men than women.
Rose Disease Treatment
Rose disease treatment focuses on controlling signs and symptoms. Treatment requires a combination of good skin care and prescription medications. The length of your treatment depends on the type and severity of your signs and symptoms. Repetition is common.
Prescription medications and applications for rosacea include:
Topical medications that reduce redness:
If you have mild to moderate rosacea, your doctor may prescribe a cream or gel that you apply to the affected skin. Brimonidine and oxymetazoline reduce redness by constricting blood vessels. The effect on blood vessels is temporary, so regular administration of the drug is required to maintain improvements.
Other topical products help control mild rosacea. These medications include azelaic acid, metronidazole, and ivermectin.
Your doctor may prescribe an oral antibiotic, such as doxycycline, for bumps and pimples and for moderate to severe rosacea.
Laser therapy makes enlarged blood vessels less visible.
Periodic re-treatments may be needed to maintain the improved appearance of your skin.