Sunspots are flat brown spots that occur when our skin is exposed to the sun. UV radiation causes the proliferation of pigmented skin cells called melanocytes.
Melasma is often a chronic cosmetic problem with dark spots on the forehead, cheeks and upper lip. It is a multifactorial disease. Recent studies in the disease where the main trigger is the sun have revealed that there are additional triggering factors such as stress, irritation and heat. Apart from this, phototoxic drugs used, endocrine disorders (thyroid and ovary). Hepatic dysfunction can trigger nutritional disorders.
The main treatment for melasma is to eliminate the triggering factors and the constant use of sunscreen.
Besides; topical treatments (bleaching creams)
Treatments can be added.
There are professional treatments available that can remove sunspots or significantly reduce their appearance.
– Spot Treatment with Laser
During laser skin resurfacing, a device that destroys sun-damaged skin layer by layer is used. Facial laser resurfacing can take between 30 minutes and 2 hours, depending on how many sunspots are treated. Healing usually takes between 10 and 21 days.
– Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL)
IPL uses pulses of light energy to target sunspots on the skin. It does this by heating and destroying melanin, the pigment in our skin that triggers blemishes. An IPL session usually takes less than 30 minutes. The number of sessions needed varies from person to person and is determined by your doctor.
Cryotherapy destroys sunspots and other skin lesions by freezing them with a liquid nitrogen solution. Nitrous oxide (instead of liquid nitrogen) can be used to treat superficial dark spots such as sunspots. Cryotherapy takes only a few minutes and is generally well tolerated.
– Chemical Peeling
By applying an acid solution to the skin, the skin is peeled off and a controlled scar is created that leads to new skin.
Microdermabrasion involves the procedures of gently exfoliating the outermost layer of your skin using a special applicator with an abrasive tip and then vacuuming to remove the dead skin. Your skin may turn pink and feel tight after treatment, but this effect is temporary.