What is Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)?
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that causes dry and scaly lesions and itching on the skin. Itching of the skin can cause blisters, redness, thickened skin, and open sores on the skin surface. Atopic dermatitis can occur in people of all ages and genders.
Genetic and environmental factors have been shown to be the cause of eczema. It has been determined that in most of the patients, there is incomplete or faulty production of a protein that strengthens the upper layer of the skin, and therefore the skin is more permeable to allergen substances from the environment compared to other individuals.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema) Treatment
With the treatments applied, it is possible to prevent skin damage, relieve itching, and control infections.
The goals of a comprehensive treatment are;
Preventing Skin Damages
Moisturizers are used to prevent the skin from drying and cracking and to strengthen the skin barrier.
Superficial creams can be used in the inflammatory reaction, but if they are not sufficient, treatments containing corticosteroids that can be taken orally or intravenously, drugs that prevent the immune system from working excessively can be treated.
Antihistamines improve the quality of life and sleep of patients by stopping itching.
In case of skin infection, antibiotics determined by your doctor are used.